Scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah)

​Assessment S​​ummary

The scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah) was historically found to be ranging throughout North Africa. However, O. dammah have been listed by the IUCN as extinct in the wild since 2000 and today the species only exists in captivity and as semi-wild populations in protected areas. The extinction of the O. dammah in the wild is thought to be due to a variety of factors including, habitat destruction, hunting by humans and competition, for their food source, with domestic livestock. 

The The Technical Assessment Panel (TAP) assessed O. dammah as being not dangerous to humans, having a moderate risk of establishment and low consequence (risk that an established population would cause harm) if they established in Tasmania. Consequently, the TAP assessment concluded that the risk posed by importing O. dammah into Tasmania is moderate.​

​If permitted for import, those Wildlife Exhibition Licence holders wishing to display and possess the species must be able to demonstrate appropriate mitigation to address the potential health issues associated these desert dwelling animals being exposed to long wet periods.  Appropriate mitigation should include the provision of appropriately drained paddocks and roofed shelter enclosures with dry flooring and bedding, along with regular checks of feet (for signs of foot rot and associated bacterial and fungal infections) and appropriate routine husbandry.

Assessment Docum​entation


Wildlife Management Branch
Level 8, 59 Liverpool St
GPO Box 44
Phone: 03 6165 4305
Fax: 03 6173 0253

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