Status of athel pine in Tasmania(Tamarix aphyllla)
- Athel pine is a declared weed in Tasmania under the Tasmanian Weed Management Act 1999. The importation, sale and distribution of athel pine are prohibited in Tasmania.
- The legal responsibilities of landholders and other stakeholders in dealing with athel pine are laid out in the athel pine Statutory Weed Management Plan.
What does athel pine look like?
pine is a spreading tree growing to 10 m high. The branches are
pendulous (hanging) and conspicuously jointed. The leaves are thickened,
grey-green scales that sheath the branchlets. The flowers are
pinkish-white and arranged in spikes around 3 to 4 cm long and borne at
the ends of the previous years' branches. The fruit is bell-shaped and
with a hairy tuft.
- Seeds germinate mainly in autumn. Growth is
rapid and under good conditions a tree can grow 2 to 5 metres in a year.
Flowering is in summer.
- Spread is by seed. Seed is spread in
flood waters and by animals and birds. Athel pine is also sometimes
planted as a shade and hedge plant.
Image top right: Athel pine closeup of branchlet and flowers
Images above, left - right: Athel pine tree; close up of Athel pine branchlet and flowers. All images: Neal Kramer
Impacts of athel pine
pine is a weed of natural and pastoral areas. Athel pine secretes salt
onto its leaves and the leaf litter inhibits the growth of other plants.
Athel pine also competes aggressively for water and can lower the water
table and drain waterholes.
Where does athel pine occur?
- Athel pine
is a native of northern Africa, the south-east Mediterranean, India and
Asia. Athel pine has naturalised widely on mainland Australia.
- Athel pine has not naturalised in Tasmania.
What you need to do
- If you locate athel
pine anywhere in Tasmania, or if you find a plant that you think could
be athel pine, immediately contact your Regional Weed Management Officer
on 1300 368 550 to report this weed.
Athel Pine Statutory Weed Management Plan
Weed Links and Resources
Other useful links
Weeds in Australia - Weed Management Guide
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