Studies into Container Refund Schemes

​​In recent years, there has been considerable focus on container refund schemes (CRS) at both the State and National level. They are also known as container deposit systems (CDS) and several studies have been conducted to assess how such a scheme could work in Tasmania.

2018 - A Model Framework for a Container Refund Scheme in Tasmania​

Marsden Jacob Associates (MJA) were engaged to undertake the study and provide a report to the State Government. 

  A Model Framework for a Container Refund Scheme in Tasmania   (5Mb)

This report provided 23 recommendations to support the establishment of a Container Refund Scheme in Tasmania that would:
  • be cost effective;
  • give people an incentive to return their drink containers;
  • target drink containers used away from home;
  • complement, rather than compete with, existing kerbside services; and
  • provide good access to consumers in all parts of Tasmania by providing a suitably structured network of collection points.​
This report was an important part of the Government decision to implement a Tasmanian Container Refund Scheme, announced by the Minister for Environment in 2019 to commence in 2022. 

2014 - Cost benefit analysis for a Tasmanian Container Deposit System​

Marsden Jacob Associates were contracted by the Department to undertake a ‘desktop’ cost benefit analysis.

The key findings of the Tasmanian analysis were that while there are some benefits to a State-based CDS, in the absence of national action, these would come at a significant cost.  Litter rates of beverage containers would decrease, and there would be benefits to Local Government; however, the cost to industry (and probably to Tasmanian consumers as industry passes on increased costs) would be a net cost to Tasmania of $86 million (NPV) over 21 years.

  Cost Benefit Study of a Tasmanian Container Deposit System - Final Report   (1Mb)

At the time, the decision was not to proceed with the introduction of a State-based CDS system, but rather continue active participation in other national actions underway​. 

​2009 - Feasibility Study for Container Deposit System​

In June 2004 the Tasmanian Parliament’s Joint Standing Committee on Environment, Resources and Development commenced an investigation into Waste Management in Tasmania.

The Committee's final report included a recommendation that the State Government introduce a container deposit system (CDS) in Tasmania, subject to its viability and effectiveness being supported by a cost-benefit analysis.

In December 2008 the Department contracted environmental consulting firm, Hyder Consulting Pty Ltd, to study the best model for a CDS in Tasmania, should one be introduced. Hyder's Final Report examined container deposit systems in Australia and overseas, and assessed options for a Tasmanian system.

The report concluded that a ‘hybrid’ CDS built around the most effective elements of existing interstate and overseas systems had the potential to improve recovery of beverage containers in Tasmania. However, the report also demonstrated that going alone and  establishing and operating a CDS would be a complex and challenging process requiring very careful consideration by the community and the State Government.

  Feasibility Study of a Container Deposit System for Tasmania   (1Mb)



Container Refund Scheme
Policy and Business Branch
134 Macquarie Street
Hobart TAS 7000
Phone: 03 6165 4599

Back Home