Land Degradation and Salinity Risk Project
In recent years there has been a trend in parts of Tasmania for land use change away from traditional grazing enterprises to more intensive cropping, and often irrigated cropping, activities. In the past land use intensification has occurred by transferring technology and experience from one area to another. However, as the soils and climate are often different this has, on occasion, resulted in considerable damage to the soil and economic losses to the farmer. This project was initiated to identify some of the risks and hazards in three selected study areas around the State, Waterhouse, Tunbridge and the Coal River Valley. The full findings of the study are presented in a compendium of reports available from DPIPWE in CD format or directly from the pdf documents below
The project involved a range of activities at each study site. These included:
- A resource inventory and hazard identification, incorporating soil and unique area mapping (UMA), soil physical characterisation and salinity surveys (using an EM31 instrument) and assessment of the contribution of rainfall to the salt budget.
- A review of salinity and water balance models available that might assist with predicting impacts of land use change on the water balance; and
- Investigations of groundwater flow systems to determine their relevance to salinity processes in each study area.
Salinity Hazard Assessment
A number of activities were undertaken in each area to determine the risk of expanding salinity as a result of land use intensification. Estimates of below ground salt storage were made using an EM31 instrument. This tool simply sends an electromagnetic signal into the ground and captures the strength of the return signal which, at least in part, is related to the amount of salt storage to a depth of about 5 metres. The data collected was used to generate maps of sub surface salt storage for each study area. Table 1 provides details of the extent of each salinity class identified.
Slightly Saline 2-4 dS/m
Moderately Saline 4-8 dS/m
Extremely Saline > 16 dS/m
|Coal River Valley|
Areas of land (ha) within the various salinity classes (ECese) in each study area
Project Reports and Documents
Overarching Report (468 KB)
Additional reports and studies