Man-made features

Definitions of man-made geographical features

AIRFIELD
An area with markings to allow it to be used by aircraft.

AIRSTRIP
A strip of land with markings to allow it to be used by aircraft

AERODROME
An level area of land developed with hardened surface runways and buildings for the operation and maintenance of aircraft.

AIRPORT
Large aerodrome equipped with control tower hangars and accommodation for receiving and discharging of passengers.

AQUEDUCT
An artificial channel for transporting water often above ground. Syn. Flume, Canal, Siphon.

BREAKWATER
A barrier built out in the sea to break the force of waves.

BRIDGE
A structure spanning a river or valley etc. and affording either vehicular or pedestrian passage.

CAUSEWAY
A roadway constructed across shallow water.

CEMETERY
An area of land set aside for the interment of the dead. A burial ground.

CUTTING
An excavation through ground to maintain a grade.

CANAL
An artificial waterway constructed in the ground surface for navigation or conveyance of water.

DAM
1. A barrier to impound water.
2. A body of water confined by a barrier.

DOCK
A constructed landing place for vessels alongside navigable water for loading and discharging cargo, may be enclosed. Syn. Wharf.

FERRY TERMINAL
A wharf specifically constructed for use by ferry boats.

FLUME
Syn. Aqueduct.

FORD
A river crossing over the bead of a stream.

FIRETOWER
A high structure with a small building at the top positioned to allow a person to view a large area and watch for bushfires.

FIRE CABIN
A small building situated so as to allow a person to view a large area and watch for bushfires.

GOLFCOURSE
An area of land developed specifically for the purpose of playing golf.

GOLFLINKS
Syn. Golfcourse.

GROYNE
A barrier built out into the sea or a river in order to minimise erosion.

JETTY
A mooring structure projecting into a body of water usually without a superstructure.

LANDING
A place where persons or goods are transported to and from a vessel.

LEVEE
An embankment that prevents inundation.

LOCK
An enclosed portion of a canal or river with gates at each end for raising or lowering of vessels.

LOOKOUT
A facility which provides a vista of the surrounding area.

MINE
An excavation made in the earth for the purpose of extracting ores precious stones coal etc.

MULLOCK HEAP
A pile or hill formed of untreated mining waste.

OVAL
A flat usually grassed elliptical or round area on which sporting activities take place.

OVERPASS
A bridge over a road or railway track.

PENSTOCK
An intake leading to a turbine

PIER
Syn. Jetty but with a superstructure.

PIPELINE
A large pipe constructed above ground for transporting of liquids.

PORTAL
An entrance to an mine or tunnel.

QUARRY
Syn. Mine

QUAY
A constructed landing place for vessels alongside navigable water for loading and discharging cargo syn. Wharf. Dock.

RACE
An artificial channel to convey water.

RAILWAY LINE
A permanent way with steel tracks on which purpose built vehicles run. Syn.Water race.

RACE COURSE
Any place where races are held.

RACE TRACK
Any place where animal races are held.

RACEWAY
A race track specifically for motor vehicles. Syn. Speedway.

RAILWAY STATION
A building or buildings alongside a railway line to allow passengers and cargo to be loaded or unloaded from trains.

RAILWAY SIDING
A short branch off a railway track, often connected at both ends to the mainline track and used for shunting or for loading and unloading and storing of carriages and goods tracks.

RESERVOIR
A place where water is collected and stored.

SHOWGROUNDS
Tracts of land set aside for exhibition purposes.

SEWERAGE WORKS
A place where sewage is treated.

SPORTS GROUNDS
A levelled grassed area on which team competition can be conducted.

SLAGHEAP
A pile or hill formed of waste matter from mining smelting or some other process.

SIPHON
A pipe for conveying water over an uneven surface and delivering it to a lower level by utilising atmospheric pressure.

TAILINGS DUMP
Accumulation of mine waste.

TRAMWAY
Wooden or steel tracks used for transporting trams or carriages.

VIADUCT
A bridge consisting of a series of narrow arches with high supporting piers for carrying a road or railway over a valley.

WHARF
Syn. Quay, Dock, Pier.

WEIR
A dam in a river to raise the water and divert it.

Contact

Nomenclature Board (Secretary)
134 Macquarie Street
HOBART TAS 7000
Phone: 03 6165 4444
Email: nomenclature.office@dpipwe.tas.gov.au

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