Karamu Species - Statutory Weed Management Plan

Coprosma robusta (Karamu)

Check the Weeds Index for more information on this and other weeds


Interpretation:

In this weed management plan (approved 25 November 2006):
  • "Act" means the Weed Management Act 1999.
  • "Approved quarantine place" means a place approved by the Secretary under section 70 of the Plant Quarantine Act 1997 for the purpose of examining any prescribed matter imported into or to be exported out of the State.
  • "Court fine' means a prescribed penalty for breaches against the Act. Court fines may be imposed if a person is convicted of any offence against the Act.
  • "DPIW" means the Department of Primary Industries and Water, Tasmania.
  • "Infringement fine" means a prescribed penalty for breaches against the Act. Infringement fines are imposed by way of an infringement notice that may be issued by a Weed Inspector.
  • "Inspector" means a Weed Inspector appointed under section 34 of the Act.
  • "Penalty unit" means the basic unit of the fine for which persons who fail to comply with any prohibition or requirement under the Act may be liable. One penalty unit equals $100 at April 2002.
  • "Biosecurity Tasmania" means that branch of the Department of Primary Industries and Water that, in cooperation with the Australian Quarantine Inspection Service, maintains both overseas and interstate biosecurity barriers for this state.
  • "Regional Weed Management Officer" means a person employed in the Department of Primary Industries and Water under that specific title.
  • "Regulations" means the Weed Management Regulations 2000.
  • "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Department of Primary Industries and Water.
  • "WONS" means Weeds of National Significance. The WONS program is a federally funded initiative for the development and implementation of state and national strategies for the management of twenty of Australia's worst weeds.
  • "karamu" means Coprosma robusta Raoul. and includes the whole plant or plant parts. It does not include products such as tablets, lotions, tinctures or other preparations that contain extracts of this plant or other dead, non-reproductive Coprosma robusta materials. People who are uncertain about whether products (eg. dried materials) contain plant parts capable of producing a living plant should contact a Principal Weed Management Officer.

1. Purpose of this management plan:

The purpose of this weed management plan for karamu is to:
  • Provide direction upon the implementation of the Act with respect to karamu.
  • Encourage and facilitate an increase in the effectiveness with which karamu is managed throughout Tasmania, with a view to eradicating all populations and preventing future infestations.
  • Provide legislative support to regional and local efforts to manage karamu in a strategic and integrated manner.

2. Area covered by this management plan:

The State of Tasmania is covered by this management plan.

    3. Description and distribution of the weed:

    Karamu is an evergreen shrub from New Zealand. It invades native vegetation and is an environmental weed in Victoria.

    Karamu is recorded from New Norfolk, Fern Tree and the Gordon River Dam area in the south. All populations are relatively small. Refer to Table 1. Distribution of karamu in Tasmania by municipality at 06/06. p.7.


    4. Importation of declared weed:

    (1) A person must not import or allow to be imported into Tasmania any karamu.
    It is an offence against section 57(1) of the Act to fail to comply with this prohibition. A person found committing that offence may incur an infringement fine of 4 penalty units. A person convicted in court of that offence may be liable to a fine not exceeding 50 penalty units.

    The Secretary may exempt a person from this prohibition under section 60 of the Act.

    Actions to assist compliance in this matter could include but are not limited to the following:
    • Persons travelling to Tasmania, in particular from areas infested with karamu, such as Victoria, should conduct thorough searches for the presence of the plant and apply appropriate hygiene measures, such as clothing, vehicle, machinery and baggage inspection and cleaning. Mud and soil, in particular, are to be removed prior to entry to Tasmania. Questions or concerns about weed hygiene issues should be directed to Biosecurity Tasmania personnel before or directly upon disembarkation in Tasmania.
    • Persons importing fresh or dried ornamental plants to Tasmania should ensure their stock does not include karamu.
    • Persons importing items to Tasmania that may contain karamu should have these checked for the presence of the plant. This can be arranged through Biosecurity Tasmania.
    Note: The importation of this species into Tasmania is also restricted under the Plant Quarantine Act 1997. Biosecurity Tasmania should be contacted for information on the relevance and application of the Plant Quarantine Act 1997 to activities concerning plant species.

    5. Procedures for notification of the occurrence of the weed:

    Inspectors shall notify a Regional Weed Management Officer of any karamu occurrences in municipalities or parts of municipalities where the weed is not yet recorded. Refer to Table 1. Distribution of karamu in Tasmania by municipality at 06/06 p.7.

    6. Sale of declared weed:

    A person must not sell or otherwise distribute any karamu or any thing carrying karamu.

    It is an offence against section 56 of the Act to fail to comply with this prohibition. A person found committing that offence may incur an infringement fine of 4 penalty units. A person convicted of that offence in court may be liable to a fine not exceeding 50 penalty units.

    The Secretary may exempt a person from this prohibition under section 60 of the Act.

    Actions to assist compliance in this matter could include but are not limited to the following:
    • Persons giving away, bartering, selling or otherwise distributing ornamental plants should ensure their stock does not include karamu. This includes roadside stalls, market stalls, fundraising events, garden club swaps, nursery sales, supermarket plant sales and ANY OTHER activities that involve the distribution of ornamental plants.
    • Persons involved in the sale or distribution of agricultural or roading machinery likely to be contaminated with mud or soil containing karamu should ensure appropriate inspection and hygiene measures are undertaken. These include introducing thorough visual checks and cleaning of machinery as routine tasks when preparing these items for sale or distribution.
    • Persons involved in the sale or distribution of soil, gravel, lime or other such materials from areas infested with karamu should ensure appropriate hygiene and inspection measures are undertaken. These include practicing integrated control of the weed in quarries, stockpile areas, wholesale or retail outlets and other places from which these materials are sold or distributed.
    • Persons involved in the sale or distribution of agricultural or roading machinery, stock, soil, gravel or other such materials likely to be contaminated with karamu should take direction from any relevant local, regional or state hygiene programs being implemented in the municipality.
    • Persons purchasing any items (eg. machinery, soil, gravel or other such materials) likely to be contaminated with karamu should liaise with suppliers on the subject of karamu contamination and keep accurate records of their purchase transactions. Buyers discovering karamu contamination post-purchase should implement practices that reduce the potential for karamu establishment and spread. These include, creating dedicated areas for the wash down of purchased machinery and vehicles and carefully monitoring any suspect soil, gravel or other such materials for the emergence of this weed.

    7. Measures to reduce the number of karamu plants, eradicate karamu from an area or restrict karamu to a particular area:


    An Inspector may, by serving a notice on the owner of any place, require that owner to implement any of the measures described in this part of the weed management plan or any other measures consistent with it.

    It is an offence against section 13(3) of the Act to fail to comply with a requirement notice issued by an Inspector. A person who fails to comply with that notice may be issued with an infringement fine of 8 penalty units. A person convicted of that offence in court may be liable to a fine not exceeding 100 penalty units and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further fine not exceeding 5 penalty units for each day during which the offence continues.

    Actions to assist compliance in this matter by persons or organisations upon whose properties karamu occurs could include but are not limited to the following:
    • Planning and implementation of a property management plan, the aim of which is eradication of karamu. Such a plan should be based on integrated weed management principles and include an inventory of karamu infestations in the area to which the plan relates, well-defined objectives, practicable control actions, follow-up actions, a realistic timeline and a budget, as a minimum. Regional Weed Management Officers or Inspectors may be contacted for advice on developing a property management plan for this plant.
    • Seek information about supporting any council endorsed plans relating to karamu management in their municipality.
    • Seek cooperation with neighbouring property owners when karamu control measures are being planned or implemented.
    Other general measures:
    • Persons or organisations responsible for managing land which is currently free of karamu should undertake prevention measures, especially when that land is suited to karamu establishment. Such prevention measures include:
    • developing an ability to identify the plant;
    • noting its occurrence and progress on nearby properties;
    • undertaking control of small outbreaks without delay:
    • arranging on-site biosecurity for, or not bringing or allowing onto the property vehicles, machinery, soil, gravel, lime or other such material that may be contaminated with karamu.
    A Regional Weed Management Officer may be contacted for advice on keeping areas free of karamu.
    • Persons performing contract work of an agricultural, utility maintenance, roading or earthmoving nature, on-site consultations or assessments, deliveries or other visits in areas or properties infested with karamu should undertake appropriate hygiene measures. These include thorough visual checks upon clothing, footwear, vehicles and machinery and, cleaning of the same of mud and soil in particular, prior to leaving the infested property. Developing a check-list will help ensure such routines are rigorous and consistent. Materials or items likely to be contaminated with karamu should not be moved from karamu infested areas or to karamu free areas until any contamination risks have been minimised.
    • Persons wishing to conduct on-site disposal of karamu or any thing contaminated with karamu should contact an Inspector or a Regional Weed Management Officer first, in order to receive direction upon how best to do this.
    • Persons considering transporting karamu or any thing contaminated with karamu for the purpose of disposal, should first seek advice from an Inspector or a Regional Weed Management Officer as to whether removal of the material from the site is the preferred option. If on-site disposal is not appropriate and transport to a suitable disposal facility is recommended, this should be undertaken in a manner that does not permit the release of seeds or other material. Note that municipal waste disposal facilities vary in their acceptance and handling of declared weeds. Municipal waste disposal managers should be contacted for details.

    8. Storage in a specified area of any thing contaminated with the declared weed:

    Any thing found to be contaminated with karamu may be removed to storage at an appropriate approved quarantine place. A Regional Weed Management Officer will determine whether removal to storage at any of these facilities or treatment/destruction of material in situ is most appropriate.

    Failure to comply with this requirement is an offence against section 51(1) of the Act. A person found committing that offence may incur an infringement fine of 4 penalty units. A person convicted of that offence in court may be liable to a fine not exceeding 50 penalty units.

    The Secretary may exempt a person from this requirement under section 60 of the Act.

    Actions to assist compliance in this matter could include but are not limited to the following:
    • A person who discovers or suspects he/she possesses any thing, (eg. machinery, soil, gravel) contaminated with karamu should contact an Inspector or a Regional Weed Management Officer. The contaminated thing should not be moved, disturbed, treated or disposed of prior to making this contact. If karamu is confirmed, the person will be directed and advised in the proper management, including storage or disposal options, of the contaminated thing.

    9. Any other measures the Minister considers appropriate to control the weed:

    There are no other measures appropriate for the management of karamu in Tasmania at this time.

    10. Exemptions:

    A person may apply for an exemption from any of provisions of the Act that relate to karamu. He/she should contact a Regional Weed Management Officer to discuss the reasons for seeking the exemption and obtain an exemption application form.

    Persons granted an exemption should ensure they understand fully, any conditions specified in the exemption. Queries can be directed to a Regional Weed Management Officer.

    11. Review of this weed management plan:

    A review of this weed management plan may be undertaken at least once every five years if it is necessary and desirable to do so. The review will incorporate consultation with stakeholders deemed appropriate by the Secretary, DPIW.

    08/06

    Table 1. Distribution of karamu in Tasmania by municipality at 06/06.

    Note: Distribution based on Tasmanian Herbarium and DPIW records.

    MunicipalityKaramu distribution *Management measures **
    Break O'DayNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    BrightonNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    BurnieNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Central CoastNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Central HighlandsNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Circular HeadNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    ClarenceNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Derwent ValleyIsolated occurrencesImplement integrated control program for eradication and prevent future occurrences.
    DevonportNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    DorsetNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Flinders None recordedPrevention and early detection
    George TownNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Glamorgan/Spring BayNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    GlenorchyNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    HobartIsolated occurrencesImplement integrated control program for eradication and prevent future occurrences.
    Huon ValleyNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    KentishNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    King IslandNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    KingboroughNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    LatrobeNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    LauncestonNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Meander ValleyNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Northern MidlandsNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    SorellNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Southern MidlandsNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    TasmanNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    Waratah/WynyardNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    West CoastNone recordedPrevention and early detection
    West TamarNone recordedPrevention and early detection

    *Distribution Description Key:

    The distribution descriptions presented in Table 1 apply to naturalised populations of the plant only. They do not include amenity, garden, horticultural or other deliberate plantings unless specified. The descriptions are relative and provide a general indication only of the spatial status of the plant in the municipality. Detailed location information may be obtained by contacting a Regional Weed Management Officer. In addition, if you have reason to believe any of the distribution information presented in Table 1 is incorrect, please advise a Regional Weed Management Officer.

    Four distribution categories are used. These are:

    "None recorded". This means the plant is not known to be naturalised in the municipality, either from the records of the Tasmanian Herbarium or from DPIW databases. In cases where the plant was known to be naturalised at a previous time but is not known there currently, the description "Previously recorded, none known now" is used.

    "Isolated occurrences". This means the species is uncommon in the municipality, with populations limited to one or a few. The number of plants is generally small and/or populations cover small areas.

    "Localised infestations". This means the species is present in the municipality in moderate proportions, with populations numbering several. The number of plants is also moderate and/or populations cover moderate- sized areas.

    "Widespread infestations". This means the species is very common in the municipality, with many populations present. The number of plants present is generally large and/or populations cover large areas.

    ** When a DPIW approved weed management strategy that has local council endorsement exists, management of this declared weed in the municipality concerned should occur with direct reference to that strategy.


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