White Spanish Broom
Status of white Spanish broom in Tasmania(Cytisus multiflorus)
White Spanish broom in flower
- White Spanish broom is a declared weed in Tasmania under the Tasmanian Weed Management Act 1999. The importation, sale and distribution of white Spanish broom are prohibited in Tasmania.
- The legal responsibilities of landholders and other stakeholders in dealing with white Spanish broom are laid out in the white Spanish broom Statutory Weed Management Plan.
What does white Spanish broom look like?
Spanish broom is a large shrub growing to 3 m tall. The stems are green
and striped. The leaves on the lower branches occur in groups of three,
while the leaves on the upper branches occur singly. Young stems and
leaves are covered with short hairs which fall off at maturity. The
flowers are white, pea-like and have a pink streak at the base. The seed
pods are also pea-like and are covered in short hairs. The seed pods
turn black when mature and release 3 to 7 olive to brown seeds
- White Spanish broom flowers profusely in spring.
Pods ripen and eject the seed over summer. Seeds germinate with the
autumn rains and plants grown throughout the year under favourable
conditions. Plants do not set seed until they are at least three years
- Spread is by seed. The seed is ejected up to a meter from
the parent plant when the pods open explosively. Seeds may also be moved
longer distances in contaminated soil, on vehicles and animals, and by
water. The plant has also been spread as part of the ornamental plant
Impacts of white Spanish broom
infestations of white Spanish broom form impenetrable thickets which
exclude other plants. These thickets can restrict access, particularly
along streams-sides, and provide shelter for vermin. White Spanish broom
has the potential to invade poorly managed pasture and forestry
plantations, as well as disturbed and undisturbed native vegetation. The
seed is also poisonous.
Where does white Spanish broom occur?
- White Spanish broom is native to Spain, Portugal and France.
Spanish broom has naturalised in New Zealand and the United States of
America. In Australia, white Spanish broom has naturalised in Victoria
and South Australia.
- White Spanish broom has not managed to establish in Tasmania.
What you need to do
- If you locate white
Spanish broom anywhere in Tasmania, or if you find a plant that you
think could be white Spanish broom, immediately contact your Regional
Weed Management Officer on 1300 368 550 to report this weed.
White Spanish Broom Weed Management Plan
Weed Links and Resources
Other useful links
Weeds in Australia - Weed Management Guide
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