What is lantana?(Lantana camara)
- Lantana is a declared weed in Tasmania under the Tasmanian Weed Management Act 1999. The importation, sale and distribution of lantana are prohibited in Tasmania.
- The legal responsibilities of landholders and other stakeholders in dealing with lantana are laid out in the Statutory Weed Management Plan for Lantana.
What does lantana look like?
- Lantana is
a tough, evergreen shrub growing to 4 metres in height. The stems are
squarish and hairy, rough to the touch and have short recurved prickles.
The leaves are opposite, oval, hairy underneath and toothed along the
margin. Both stems and leaves give off an offensive smell when crushed.
The tube-like flowers occur in brilliant clusters that vary in colour
between plants and during the life of a single plant. The fruit is a
succulent purple berry carried in clusters of 1 to 20 fruits.
germinate at any time of year. Flowering commences in early summer of
the second growth season and continues until March or April. New canes
are produced from the crown and lateral roots in early spring.
is by seed and root suckering. Established thickets increase in size by
suckering and seedling growth on the edges of thickets. Long distance
spread of seeds results when birds eat the fruits and void the seed away
from the parent plant. Lantana is also spread as part of the ornamental
Image top: Lantana flowering plant, photo: New South Wales Agriculture
Image above: Close up of lantana flowers, photo: New South Wales Agriculture
Impacts of lantana
- Lantana is a serious
environmental weed, and can invade native vegetation, shade out native
species and increase fire risk. Lantana is also a serious weed of
pasture, certain crops and forestry plantations. Lantana is toxic to
Where does lantana occur?
- Lantana is a
native to tropical and sub-tropical Central and South America. Lantana
has naturalised widely on mainland Australia.
- Lantana has not naturalised in Tasmania.
Most of Tasmania is thought to be unsuitable for establishment of
lantana. However, climate modelling indicates there is some risk of
establishment of lantana on Flinders Island and on the north-east coast
What do you need to do
- If you locate
lantana anywhere in Tasmania, or if you find a plant that you think
could be lantana, immediately contact your Regional Weed Management
Officer on 1300 368 550 to report this weed.
Statutory Weed Management Plan for Lantana
Weed Links and Resources
Other useful links
Weeds in Australia - Weed Management Guide
To the extent
permitted by law, the Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries, Parks,
Water and Environment (including its employees and consultants)
excludes all liability to any person for any consequences, including but
not limited to all losses, damages, costs, expenses and any other
compensation, arising directly or indirectly from using information or
material (in part or in whole) contained on this website.