Current Biosecurity Threats
Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS)
Biosecurity Tasmania laboratories has confirmed the presence of Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS) in a number locations around Tasmania.
More information on the current situation with Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS)
POMS Update as at 18 March 2016
A greater range of movements of oysters onto oyster farms is now allowed in Tasmania as the result of a detailed testing regime.
Since the end of January this year, Biosecurity Tasmania and the Tasmanian oyster industry have been responding to an outbreak of Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome, also known as POMS.
This response has included restrictions on the movement of oysters onto oyster farms while a structured testing program has been underway to determine where the virus is present in the State. This testing program has been completed and it is now possible to assess oyster movements that can occur between farms without spreading the virus.
Based on the information from the POMS testing program three (3) areas of differing disease risk have been determined as a basis for issuing movement permits. These areas are:
Find more information on this latest update and a complete listing of Tasmanian disease risk sites sites according to their identified risk status.
- POMS free area across the north of Tasmania;
- intermediate risk areas where there is little or no evidence of disease, but a risk of introduction of the disease; and
- an infected area where POMS is known to occur.
Any unexplained and significant mortality of oysters (greater than 5 per cent) should be reported to:
Phone Office Hours: 03 6165 3085
Phone After Hours: 1800 675 888
>> See previous situation reports, and further information on POMS
The plant disease pathogen myrtle rust (Puccinia psidii)
was diagnosed from a sample taken from a private residential property
near Burnie on Tasmania's north-west coast on 19 February 2015.
The bright yellow pustules indicate the presence of myrtle rust. Photo: DPIPWE - Biosecurity Tasmania
fungus is regarded as a serious threat and consequently Biosecurity
Tasmania has led a response with the aim of eradicating the disease from
Myrtle Rust Update as at 8 April 2016 Home gardeners and property owners are reminded to be on the lookout for signs of the fungal disease Myrtle Rust.
surveillance by DPIPWE has detected 51 cases since early February in private
gardens in North and North-West Tasmania. All detections this season have been on Lophomyrtus plant varieties, those diseased plants have been removed
and destroyed. To date a little over 1400 properies have been inspected around Tasmania.
No evidence of the disease
has been found in the wild at this stage, however the latest detections
in home gardens highlight the need for continued community vigilance,
particularly during warm weather and humid conditions which create an
ideal environment for Myrtle Rust.
Tell-tales signs of the disease include bright yellow powdery
patches on soft growing tips, leaves and stems of Myrtaceae species
such as Lophomyrtus cultivars “Black Stallion”, “Red Dragon” and willow
myrtles, Chilean guava and native tea trees, paperbarks and bottle
Biosecurity Tasmania is working closely with nurseries
to ensure signs of the disease are reported immediately. Measures are in
place to stop the spread of Myrtle Rust between nurseries.
There are no human health risks associated with Myrtle Rust.
DPIPWE encourages anyone who thinks they may have Lophomyrtus plants in their garden to call the hotline number so an inspection can be arranged. If
you see what you think might be Myrtle Rust, please take a photograph,
record the location and details of the suspected plant and contact the
Myrtle Rust Hotline (03) 6165 3785
>> See previous updates and further information on Myrtle Rust
On the mainland
New outbreaks or spread of existing pests or diseases on the mainland can increase the threat of such pests or diseases getting into Tasmania. In some cases, new or enhanced import regulations are necessary to help mitigate any such increased threat to Tasmania.
Giant pine scale
Giant pine scale (Marchealina hellenica) was found in Melbourne and Adelaide. This is the first record of this insect in Australa.
To date it has not been found in Tasmania.
The Giant pine scale insect lives by sucking the sap of pine, fir and spruce trees.
If you see anything that you think looks like this pest anywhere in Tasmania please report it to the
Exotic Plant Disease Hotline1800 084 881
Figure 1. Giant pine scale on the lower trunk and branches of a pine tree.
Copyright: Department of Primary Industries Victoria
Figure 2. Giant pine scale adult, showing its white wax secretion.
Copyright: Andrea Battisti, Universita di Padova, Bugwood.org (via Department of Primary Industries Victoria).
As a response to the detection of Green snail (a List A pest) in Victoria in September 2011, Tasmania
imposed restrictions on the importation of cut flowers, leafy vegetables, cuttings, nursery stock, hay and straw from areas near the Victorian properties affected.